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Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah. - 1 Samuel 16:13 ESV

Aside from a couple mentions in the book of Ruth, this is the first time we meet David in God’s Word. As I read the account in the ESV, the sentence in the middle of the verse really struck me.

“And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward.”

It got me wondering about the Hebrew word translated “rushed upon” and how it was used elsewhere.

First I looked at other translations of this same verse and found:

and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward- KJV

and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward - AMP

From that day on, the Spirit of Adonai would fall upon David with power - CJV

the Spirit of the Lord took control of David and stayed with him from then on - CEV

From that day on, the Lord’s Spirit entered David with power. - ICB

and the Spirit of the LORD prospered David from that day forward. - JUB

and the Spirit of Jehovah came upon him and gave him great power from that day onward. - TLB

The Spirit of God entered David like a rush of wind, God vitally empowering him for the rest of his life. MSG

and the Spirit of the Lord was directed into David from that day forth - WYC

and prosper over David doth the Spirit of Jehovah from that day and onwards - YLT

Next, I found that this word - tsalach  - is most often translated as “prospered” or “prosperous.” Often it’s translated “success” or some derivative thereof.

While we see times in the life of David when the Spirit comes upon him, like when he is playing the harp for the foul spirited King Saul, by and large, David’s life is marked by a general prosperity.

Don’t get me wrong—time and time again, he finds himself up against a wall (literally) or trapped in a cave, or besieged in his own palace. But as he sets his eyes to seeking the face of the Lord, the Lord brings success.

Sometimes, as with the lion and the bear and the giant, it does seem like mighty power. But there are times when it looks more like wisdom beyond his years, like when he spares his adversary’s life. Other times it looks like just plain courage.

Did you know that the anointing that was on David, King of Israel, is available to you? Do you realize that God wants to anoint you in such a way that the Spirit of the Lord will “rush on” you “from this day forward” too?

It may not mean that all your days will be peachy—far from it. But the Lord has promised that through all your circumstances He will take all the ugly and all the good and create your ultimate prosperity of body, soul, and spirit.

WOW - that’s good news.

If God is for us—who can be against us?

Ben NelsonThanks for stopping by.

I hope this little word study blesses your day.

See you again soon,


Thanks to for the translations. You can see more and figure out what each translation is here.

And thanks to for the definitions and word count info.

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